Family: Boraginaceae

Cordia bellonis

Cordia bellonis

Description
Cordia bellonis is an evergreen shrub that can reach a height of 6.5 feet and has thin branches with hairs. Its leaves are alternate and oblong.

Biological Information
Cordia bellonis has been found in the western part of the Cordillera Central mountain range in Puerto Rico in open areas exposed to the sun. Today, the total population of Cordia bellonis reaches only about 200 individuals distributed in three state forests: Maricao, Susúa, and Rio Abajo. In 1995, during construction of Road PR 10, most individuals in Rio Abajo (80%) were transferred temporarily to the Cambalache nursery of the Department of Natural and Environmental Resources of Puerto Rico for their eventual reintroduction.

Distribution
Cordia bellonis is a shrub endemic to Puerto Rico. Presently, it can only be found in the wild, in state forests of Maricao, Susúa and Rio Abajo.

Threats
The species is threatened by habitat destruction and modification, forest management practices, and its limited distribution.

Conservation Measures
Cordia bellonis was included in the federal list of endangered species on January 10, 1997. Such action requires federal agencies to consult with U.S. Fish and Wildlife before carrying out any activity that might endanger the existence of this species or result in the alteration or destruction of its essential habitat. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is also considering developing a program for spreading the species with the purpose of reintroducing species individuals in the future.

References
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1997. Endangered and threatened wildlife and plants: Determination of endangered status for the plant Cordia bellonis. Federal Register, 62:1644-1647.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1998. Technical/AgencyDraft Recovery Plan for Cordia bellonis. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Atlanta, Georgia, 28 pp.

Author: Grupo Editorial EPRL
Published: August 27, 2014.

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