Newborn hawksbill sea turtles (Eretmochelys imbricata)

Newborn hawksbill sea turtles (Eretmochelys imbricata)

Name: Green Sea Turtle (Chelonia mydas)
Shell: The carapace (upper shell) is oval and smooth; it is dome-shaped.
Size: It can grow to measure 110 centimeters (43 inches) long and weigh up to 182 kilograms (400 pounds).
Color: The carapace (upper shell) has brown or black radiated streaks. The plastron (shell underside) is white or yellow.
Head: It has a pair of plates in between the eyes and its head is round.
Food: It feeds on sea grasses; it eats so much of it that its fat is green.
Reproductive Season: Between May and July.
Status: Endangered
Incubation Period: Approximately 60 days

Name: Loggerhead Sea Turtle (Caretta caretta)
Shell: The carapace (upper shell) is heart- shaped.
Size: It can grow to measure 114 centimeters (45 inches) long and weigh 205 kilograms (450 pounds).
Color: The carapace (upper shell) and skin are reddish brown. The plastron (shell underside) is yellow.
Head: It has two pairs of plates in between the eyes and one in the middle in the shape of a diamond. It has a very large head.
Food: It generally eats crabs and crustaceans; it also feeds on sponges and other animals found in rocks and coral reefs.
Reproductive Season: Approximately from May to August.
Status: Endangered
Incubation Period: Approximately 60 days

Name: Hawksbill Sea Turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata)
Shell: The carapace (upper shell) is the most beautiful among all sea turtles. It consists of overlapping plates, with a zigzag drawing under the superficial layer.
Size: It can grow to measure 91 centimeters (36 inches) long and weigh more than 64 kilograms (140 pounds).
Color: The shell is brown and golden yellow. The head and fins are yellow gold with brown spots
Head: It has two pairs of plates in between the eyes, and its snout is sharpened like that of a hawk.
Food: It finds its food near coral reefs. It feeds on sponges and algae that it can grab from hard to reach places by using its sharp snout.
Reproductive Season: It nests on beaches almost year round, but especially from August to October.
Status: Endangered
Incubation Period: Approximately 60 days

Name: Leatherback Sea Turtle (Dermochelys coriacea)
Shell: The carapace (upper shell) has no plates like other sea turtles. It is soft and coriaceous and has seven ridges that go front to back.
Size: It can grow to measure 203 centimeters (80 inches) long and weigh up to 820 kilograms. (1,800 pounds).
It is the largest of sea turtles.
Color: It is blue black with white-pinkish spots -except for the plastron (shell underside), which is white.
Head: It has no plates on the head. The upper jaw has deep cuts that serve as teeth.
Food: Its favorite food is the jellyfish
Reproductive Season: Between March and June.
Status: Endangered
Incubation Period: Approximately 60 days

Author: Grupo Editorial EPRL
Published: August 28, 2014.

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